chinese alphabet

Today, Chinese characters have a profound influence not only on China, but also on the whole world. Chinese characters have a profound history of thousands of years and are also one of the most important tools for cultural inheritance. Just as important as chinese alphabet is Hanyu Pinyin, that is, the way of pronunciation, but the relationship between Chinese characters and Hanyu Pinyin is not so close, because the history of Chinese characters far exceeds its Pinyin, and Pinyin really took shape from the Qing Dynasty until the The Republic of China really had a plan. So how did the ancients learn the pronunciation and literacy of Chinese characters without pinyin?

The first thing kids do today when they go to school is to learn to read. The 26 letters of the alphabet must be memorized because they are used to pronounce unfamiliar characters.

However, the ancients learned pronunciation in several ways. The direct reading method is the most common and common method used by scholars. Its advantage is that it is simple and easy to understand, especially suitable for children who have just started school. For example, the pronunciation of "hand" and "brother" is easy to learn. However, the disadvantage of this method is also obvious, that is, it is only suitable for commonly used words, and it is not suitable for use once encountering uncommon words.

Therefore, a kind of "Duruo method" has been reproduced, also known as "Duwei", "Duyue" and "Duwei". The main purpose of this teaching method is to solve some words that students have less pronunciation. Just like when we are learning professional English today, we note similar Chinese teachers. For example, the word "crazy" will be in the It is marked with "skin" next to it. This way of life can effectively expand the scope of application research of the straight tone method, but its disadvantage is that it easily leads to loss of accuracy. The ancients would not be so sloppy because of this, so they added a few words to indicate whether the tone of the word needs to be pronounced more strongly or lighter.

There is also a kind of analogy, which means to compare and explain with similar things. The focus of this method is not on the pronunciation of the Chinese characters themselves, but on telling you the method of pronunciation and the main points of pronunciation. This method of pronunciation was mainly seen in the pre-Qin period. "Ji Hengkou closed his lips to speak, and Shukou opened his lips to push the breath to speak" described in detail the pronunciation and artistic conception of the lips and teeth. This method is mainly to express the pronunciation characteristics of Chinese characters.

The antitangent method is somewhat similar to the pinyin we use today. The initial of the previous word is followed by the final and tone of the next word. For example, the pinyin of "Lu" is "Lang Gu". Open your mouth and say "Lang Gu" repeatedly, you will naturally pronounce it as Lu, and you must say it aloud to learn it. If you just say it silently in your head, you won't learn it. No wonder the ancients could hear the scholar's loud voice when reading and literacy.

The ancestors could think of so many ways to spell the phonetic alphabet, and I have to admire its wisdom. This method is really excellent. There are some differences in pronunciation between ancient people and modern people. I believe the teacher mentions this occasionally in Chinese class. This can be seen in many ancient poems. For example, some poems, some people think that they do not pay attention to rhythm. In fact, this is the difference in pronunciation between ancient and modern times. xie" the third sound. There is also the ancient sound of "see" as the fourth sound of "xian", which is pronounced the fourth sound of "jian" today. It is clearly recorded in "Shijiazhai Yangxinlu" that there were no light labial sounds in ancient times, only heavy labial sounds.

In the 5,000-year history of China, the ancients created too many cultural and innovative discoveries for future generations. The so-called ancestors planted trees and descendants enjoyed the shade. These benefits and values are brought to us by the labor wisdom of our ancestors, and each of us owes the care of our ancestors.

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